A MUN conference with a tradition of innovation and a rich history of working towards a better future.
Model United Nations (also Model UN or MUN) is a conference similar to the United Nations in which students participate as delegates in various UN Committees. Participants research and formulate political positions based on the actual policies of the countries they represent.
Galaţi Model United Nations is the conference held every year at "Vasile Alecsandri" High School in Galaţi, Romania. Currently at its 12th edition, Galmun has a long history of professionalism, intriguing debates and, most importantly, amazing delegates.
This year, the conference will be held between April 24th-26th and will consist of 6 committees.
Galmun is known for its very innovative committees and intriguing topics. It is one of the very first MUNs to introduce a Crisis Committee, with great results in every single edition, in addition to renowned classics such as the Human Rights committee, the UN Security Council, or the brilliant International Court of Justice. Topics have been known to vary a lot and cover numerous delicate matters ranging from gay marriage to cybercrime, from legalization of drugs to drone warfare.
Galmun is not only a conference, but it is an unforgettable experience.
If you would like to know some more about the topics discussed at Galmun, or about the overall experience as a Delegate, then watch the following videos or check the photo library below.
And do sign up for Galmun 2015. You will not regret it.
Chairs: Diana Bogdan & Bogdan Duduc
Following the rupture of the Republic of Yugoslavia, Croatia won its independence in 1992, while Serbia, dominant in the Yugoslavian Parliament, refused to acknowledge the facts and tried to unofficially annex Croatia by terrorist attacks and mass murder. Hostilities hadn’t cease for a long time, as Serbians had even created a republic in Southern Croatia. This ‘ethnic cleansing’ in the Croatian regions of Slavonia and Dalmatia committed by Serbia between 1992 and 1995, followed by acts of directing and urging Croats of Serb ethnicity in the Knin region to evacuate the area in 1995, determined Croatia to institute proceedings before the International Court of Justice against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (now Serbia) on 2 July 1999 for violations of the 1948 Genocide Convention.
Notwithstanding, the Republic of Croatia is also accused of practices of genocide, in Serbia’s counter-claims, committed starting before the World War II and continuing after its end, as well as more recent murders of Serbs in the Croatian War of Independence.
Although the Republic of Serbia represented the majority in the Yugoslavian Parliament and is considered the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s legal successor, it had numerous attempts to avoid the accusations stating that it should not be responsible for the actions resulted from the Yugoslavian politics. Even so, the Court has decided that is has jurisdiction over the case.
Therefore, it is the Court’s duty to decide which nation has infringed its obligation to the other according to the same 1948 Genocide Convention, and decide which one is to pay damages.Available positions
Chairs: Loredana Boghea & Catalina Francu
Slavery did not end with abolition in the 19th century, the practice still continuing today in one form or another all over the world. From child trafficking, forced migrant labor, domestic servitude to criminal and even sexual exploitation, this illegal practice does not cease to blight contemporary world. According to the International Labor Organization, around 21 million men, women and children around the world are subjected to a form of slavery.
Is the number big enough for us to finally open our eyes? How many more have to die of terrible beatings and starvation or be the target of irreparable psychological damage for us to decide it’s high time we stood up for those crippled by a tragic destiny?
Only if we show a united front in this battle against contemporary slavery will we have a chance of defeating it. Are you determined enough to ally with other countries in this battle? Do you think you have what it takes to help find measures than can be implemented on an international scale? Most important of all, will you open your eyes?
If the answer is yes, choose one of the countries below and prepare for one of the most heated debates in the history of this conference!Available countries
Chairs: Andra Boca & Ovidiu Manea
Did you know that with every passing second four babies are brought into this world?
Adorable as it may seem, the continuing overgrowth of our population is one of the first concerns of modern world.
Despite its endless blue and seemingly unconquerable landscapes, the planet Earth today yields over 7 billion people, which estimates reaching between 8 and 11 billion by 2050, and up to 15 billion by 2100.
According to the Global Footprint Network, "Humanity uses the equivalent of 1.5 planets to provide the resources we use and absorb our waste." This means it now takes the Earth one year and six months to regenerate what we use in a year. Moreover, in the last 200 years, the human species has increased sevenfold and continues to be cause for concern. Moderate UN scenarios suggest that if current consumption trends persist, by the 2030’s, we will need the equivalent of two Earths to support us.
There are even some critics that argue we are using pollution as our scapegoat, and that the common enemy of humanity is mankind itself. Damages such as disease, famine, mass migrations, depleting arable land, diminishing forest cover, species extinction, increasing greenhouse gases, depleting fresh water systems, resource conflicts, low life expectancy seem to be direct results of nothing else but human intervention.
How much longer can we accommodate the needs of an ever growing population to a finite Earth? What happens when an infinite-growth economy runs on a finite planet?Available countries
Chairs: Sabin Prunau & Teodora Ursoiu
The Islamic State is a terrorist organization that poses a serious threat on today’s society. Being accused of multiple massacres of civilians, suicidal bombings, numerous hostage-taking of women and children, executions and beheadings of their prisoners, they put fear in the world’s leaders. With the help of their fanatic soldiers they have conquered the most important cities of Iraq and considerable territory in Syria. In their quest to create their religious state, ISIS have become extremely violent and radical, resorting to killing people of the same religion and belief as they. The situation only became more critical when American journalist James Foley was beheaded by an ISIS soldier and the entire scene was recorded and uploaded on the internet. Later on, another journalist had the same faith. As a result of these actions, the US has initiated a coalition against ISIS, urging other countries to contribute and fight this organization. The latest event which compelled other countries to join this alliance was the killing of a Jordanian pilot in an air-strike conducted by the US. Jordan has sworn revenge on ISIS and is preparing to face it alongside with the US. The question to be asked is: Will the leaders of the world find a solution to this crisis or will ISIS prevail, flourish and expand further more, reaching Europe?Main countries — Countries with voting rights
Chairs: Marina Hercka & Rares Purdea
A special committee, that does not have a parallel in the actual United Nations, is known as the 'Crisis Committee’. Convening at times when there is a direct and pertinent threat to regional and global security, the Crisis Committee surpasses the General Assembly and even the Security Council in powers and jurisdiction. Crises, if not solved, will cause ripples across the world, ending peace in a heartbeat. The Crisis Committee may deploy military and peacekeeping forces, apply diplomatic pressure and even impose sanctions if necessary. Economic aid may be supplied or suspended and delegates may issue communiqués to their own government. The world is in your hands. Do you think you will be able to live up to the expectations? Then apply for the Crisis Committee!Available countries
Chairs: Roxana Dumitriu & Adelina Halchin
Death penalty, also referred to as capital punishment, is considered the harshest form of legally enforced punishment, including lethal injection, electrocution, lethal gas, firing squad, and hanging. According to Amnesty International, more than two-thirds of the countries in the world have abolished the use of capital punishment up to now, either in law or in practice. As of 2014, there are now 22 countries that practice death penalty. Out of these nations, China, the United States, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia hold the most executions, with the latter three holding over 80% of all recorded executions in 2014.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights outlines the basis of human rights of every individual in Article 3, “everyone has the right to life, liberty, and security of person”, but there are two sides to be considered. The abolition movement insists that capital punishment is inhumane and treads over the inviolable right to life, simply continuing the cycle of violence which destroys the avenger as well as the offender. Countries in favour argue that it ensures the safety of innocent people from dangerous perpetrators, and that deserved punishment protects society morally by restoring this just order, making the wrongdoer pay a price equivalent to the harm he has done.
Ultimately, the following question arises: is death penalty a downright violation of a basic human right or an important instrument in ensuring the security of civilians?Available countries
MUN Directors: Ms Georgeta Voicila & Ms Anca Manea
Secretary General: Miss Magda-Simona Tînjala
Deputy Secretary General: Miss Silvia-Andreea Tafta
We speak of the value visionaries have in the modern world on a daily basis, but I sincerely doubt we ever truly appreciate their efforts; from their initial conception of an innovative idea to its masterful execution, we – as observers or, sometimes, active participants – take such dreamers for granted.
However, for the past twelve years, we – this time, as the students of the ‘Vasile Alecsandri’ National College – have avoided making that very mistake to the best of our ability. Twelve years ago, a random thought struck Mrs. Ioana Albu – our county did not hold a Model United Nations. Of the many implications that thought had, one was that her students were not allowed the full experience of belonging to a community which organized a yearly event she very much appreciated – a formal debate on current, worldwide issues which could unite representatives of at least twenty-five states in each of no less than eight committees to discuss and negotiate as though their lives depended on it. There was no such conference in our community. So she created one – and named it GalMUN.
The first year was largely an experiment – imagine the novelty of it all! Mrs. Albu took on the task of electing the chairs of the half a dozen committees which functioned according to a set of traditional formal debate regulations and had a predetermined topic and the one that didn’t – the Crisis committee, which relied so heavily on courage and inclination to respond with creative solutions for impending crises. Soon enough, though, newness morphed into familiarity with a touch of excitement – the conference became a household name among high school students in Galati and the delegates became even more competitive. The application process tested more and more skills with each passing year and the expectations for live conversation skyrocketed as every edition came and went – began with enthusiasm and concluded with the sole regret of it not having lasted longer.
After a decade of successful debate, however – an entire decade of wonderful execution of an idea the founder of the conference had had ten years beforehand – Mrs. Albu decided the show would go on without her. She’d be an observer, we all knew, but her name would no longer appear on official documents in succession of the ‘director’ title or lay silently on the diplomas the very best delegates would receive at the closing ceremony on the last of the three conference days. But that choice was the opposite of ‘giving up’ – au contraire; the founder of GalMUN left the debate to be managed by two wonderful successors, who have organized the two most recent editions.
Last year – namely, GalMUN’s eleventh – was as much of a matter of trial and error as its first. The committees dared change – either by switching directions completely or merging – once every few years, but that didn’t affect the quality of the discussions – whether it be on issues as widely dissimilar as environmental and military, the conversation always concentrated on matters of international security. Upon encouragement from their chairpersons and directors, delegates took it on themselves to conquer fear and anxiety as eagerly as they would an enemy country and converse to find answers to the ever-pressing questions of the world.
This year, we’re rearing to go again.
The preparation process has been one characterized by an amount of hard work I’ve seen in very few places before, which can only be an indication of how smoothly the conference will go. Though we must acknowledge, praise for an event before its actual materialization could very well be leaping before looking long and hard into the gap, we are trying to bridge with a jump, the previous eleven GalMUNs have to count for something – they must stand as evidence that Mrs. Albu has created a conference designed for high school students and, if nothing else, that – it has remained.
Thus, the competitive history of GalMUN can say considerably more about what is to come than I ever could, but I will concede this – it is but an honor to everyone involved to know that they’ve contributed to a twelve year-long legacy and which will continue to expand – even after the current chairpersons leave the high school, even after the two current directors have yielded the place to someone else, even after the river of debate topics seems to have been run completely dry.
After all, we can only assuredly affirm one thing about our conference – its history is still in the making.