A MUN conference with a tradition of innovation and a rich history of working towards a better future.
Model United Nations (also Model UN or MUN) is a conference similar to the United Nations in which students participate as delegates in various UN Committees. Participants research and formulate political positions based on the actual policies of the countries they represent.
Galaţi Model United Nations is the conference held every year at "Vasile Alecsandri" High School in Galaţi, Romania. Currently at its 13th edition, Galmun has a long history of professionalism, intriguing debates and, most importantly, amazing delegates.
This year, the conference will be held between April 07th-10th and will consist of 6 committees.
Galmun is known for its very innovative committees and intriguing topics. It is one of the very first MUNs to introduce a Crisis Committee, with great results in every single edition, in addition to renowned classics such as the Human Rights committee, the UN Security Council, or the brilliant International Court of Justice. Topics have been known to vary a lot and cover numerous delicate matters ranging from gay marriage to cybercrime, from legalization of drugs to drone warfare.
Galmun is not only a conference, but it is an unforgettable experience.
If you would like to know some more about the topics discussed at Galmun, or about the overall experience as a Delegate, then watch the following videos or check the photo library below.
And do sign up for Galmun 2016. You will not regret it.
The Press CorpsChair: Teodora Ursoiu
This committee is basically the one that keeps the conference alive even after debating hours are over. The members of this committee have the responsibility to keep everyone informed about the progress of each committee's resolutions and work.
Why should you apply?
Let’s say you cannot make a decision as to what committee you should join because all the topics seem appealing to you. In the Press Corps it is a prerequisite for the members to have made their research on all debating topics, as they are the ones that must give an accurate account of the committee’s works. Maybe you really enjoy writing and you’re thinking about pursuing a career in the field of journalism but you never got the chance to see if you’re truly good at it. Here’s your chance.
How do you apply?
You will be given a hypothetical situation on which you must write an article. But here’s the catch. You have to write it in under an hour. This committee is all about pressure, deadlines and passion so prove that you can manage them. Bear in mind that this committee is the one responsible of keeping everyone informed, of making delegates unwind in a coffee break before going back to heated debates. If you are a witty, talented, dedicated person, this is your place. Apply now!
Chairs: Daniel Savu & Diana Giosan
During the end of the twentieth century, the Republic of Colombia has rapidly evolved from a mere processor of the basic paste for cocaine to one of the world’s top producer of narcotics, becoming a nation suffering under drug cartels and violent guerilla organizations, which threaten and terrorize Colombia’s young democracy. These groups are tightly interwoven with international drug trade and responsible for the majority of cocaine trade across the globe. In 2000, Colombia began its toxic aerial spraying of coca fields aimed at destroying the plantations. The spraying of these toxic herbicides, at locations near and across its border with Ecuador, has caused some tensions in their bilateral relations. Ecuador claims that the toxic dust causes damage to the environment and to the health of its people. There are even some reported deaths that seem to be related to the spraying. Local crops and livestocks, on which Ecuadorians rely upon are also destroyed. Not only does the wind carry the dust towards the Ecuadorian territory, but Ecuador also claims, that while turning direction, the colombian helicopters cross the border and thereby drop the toxic substances directly on Ecuadorian territory. Colombia rejects any accusation, insisting on its necessity to fight drugs and guerilla groups, as well as pointing out the minimal toxicity of the active ingredient used. At this time, human rights violations and significant environmental concerns have served as the impulse for the resolution of this matter. Is it justifiable that a country should put the health of thousands of people at risk in order to eradicate a potentially disastrous phenomenon, that of the drug trade? How can this dispute be settled, bearing in mind both countries’ interests and justified desires as well as the international context?
The United Nations was born out of the belief that conflict cannot and should not be our primary method for resolving disputes. Instead, through debate, we can solve our disagreements peacefully. It is the opportunity of this year's delegates to contribute to the final decision regarding this case, as the ICJ has not reached a conclusion to it!Available positions
Chairs: Cristiana Ţepeş & Dragoş Corleancă
In this day and age, is higher education still supposed to be restricted to the wealthy? Despite several advances in education systems, many nations have yet to realise that they should invest in this domain to a greater extent. Due to high tuition fees, many high-school graduates with exceptional intelectual ability either give up on attending college or find themselves heavily indebted.
What’s more, over the past 20 years tuition fees have risen sharply and much faster than inflation. Universities’ representatives explain that increases in tuition fees are a means of covering numerous budget cuts, but how much longer can college costs go up? Some say they are for the sake of a sustainable higher education system, yet others believe there is a breaking point, though not in sight, when college attendance drops significantly and student loans default rate becomes critical.
On the other hand, few states have begun considering higher education a top priority by abolishing tuition fees. Other countries have developed student loan schemes which are advantageous at first glance, but how many people resign to the idea of having to pay off debts countless years after finishing college?
Keep in mind these questions:
Chairs: Alexandra Buleandră & Tudor Gheorghe
A new global coalition, Universal health coverage (UHC), is urging governments to accelerate reforms that ensure everyone, everywhere, can access quality health services without suffering financial hardship. This coalition focuses on the importance of universal access to health services for saving lives, ending extreme poverty, building resilience against the health effects of climate change and putting an end to global issues, such as medicine availability.
Ever since the Industrial Revolution, and at a faster pace during the last decades, medicine has made astounding progress. Diseases thought to be incurable once are now no longer a threat to human lives and health. But in spite of this fast development, a large percent of the world’s population, especially living in developing countries, is still very susceptible to various diseases.
One first reason would be that medical education is unavailable in some parts of the world, both denying the population important information about their health (such as how to avoid STDs transmission) and reducing the number of people that can effectively practice medicine. Likewise, the unavailability of drugs in some countries (such as vaccines for polio or hepatitis A) and the high price of some medicines (like Interferon, newer antibiotics or antiviral agents) is depriving whole communities of life-saving drugs.
As delegates in the World Health Organization, your duty is to tackle the following issues:
Chairs: Raul Ciulei & Teodora Patriche
Europe's security and welfare is at a great risk. The ongoing war in the Middle East is taking its toll on the European soil. With the refugees seeking shelter in Turkey and in the European states, Europe's integrity is threatened. The waves of asylum seekers have spread the public in two groups with strongly opposed views. Due to the confusing situation, violent conflicts, mostly religious, have taken place recently and they can take a turn for the worse. While Germany thinks the EU should openly welcome the immigrants, Hungary has closed its borders and ordered its border guard's soldiers to shoot on sight. The situation is dire and multiple security issues have arisen by the oncoming refugee waves. Can we enforce an international security regime? Do you think you have what it takes to pacify our continent? Then apply for the Security Council!Main countries — Countries with voting rights out of which USA, France, China, Rusia and UK have veto rights. Countries marked with "*" are countries that require previous MUN experience
Chairs: Andreea Luca & Radu Nicolaev Malaxa
The legal obligations of States to safeguard the human rights of LGBT people are well established in international human rights law on the basis of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequently agreed international human rights treaties. All people, irrespective of sex, sexual orientation or gender identity, are entitled to enjoy the protections provided for by international human rights law.
However, LGBT people of all ages and in all regions of the world suffer from violations of their human rights. They are physically attacked, kidnapped, raped and murdered. In more than a third of the world’s countries, people may be arrested and jailed for engaging in private, consensual, same-sex relationships. States often fail to adequately protect LGBT people from discriminatory treatment in the private sphere. LGBT children and adolescents face bullying in school and may be thrown out of their homes by their parents, forced into psychiatric institutions or forced to marry. Transgender people are often denied identity papers that reflect their preferred gender, without which they cannot work, travel, open a bank account or access services.
The LGBT community is still fighting for its rights, alongside the United Nations Human Rights Council. These rights include: government recognition of same-sex relationships (such as via same-sex marriage or similar unions), allowing of LGBT adoption, recognition of LGBT parenting, anti-bullying legislation and student non-discrimination laws to protect LGBT children and/or students, immigration equality laws, anti-discrimination laws for employment and housing, hate crime laws providing enhanced criminal penalties for prejudice-motivated violence against LGBT people.
Taking into account all these facts, it is very surprising to see that there still exist some countries that impose what is normal and what is not, and that punish the LGBT community for their personal preferences regarding who they want to spend their lives with.
Useful questions to consider:
*What resolutions has the UN adopted regarding LGBT rights?
*Which are the countries where homosexuality is still criminalised?
The Crisis Committee
Chairs: Roxana Dumitriu & Gabriel Crişan
The Crisis Committee differs vastly from General Assembly and other more traditional MUN simulations. Convening at times when there is a direct and pertinent threat to regional and global security, the Crisis Committee surpasses the General Assembly and even the Security Council in powers and jurisdiction. The ritual rising of placards is replaced with international espionage, fast-paced decision-making and incessant debates, all aimed at solving the crisis at hand, thus offering an unpredictable, volatile, and urgent, but undoubtedly exciting, experience.
By far the most appealing aspect of crisis simulations are the crises themselves. Unlike other types of committees, Crisis actually moves forward in time and can be affected by events that occur in the outside world. In sessions debate may be interrupted with important news or information. The delegates must compomise, negotiate and persevere in a battle of diplomatic wit, for a single crisis may alter the course of the debate and create new problems that must be responded to immediately. As a continuous crisis committee, delegates are required to move with a swiftly developing topic and high level of debate, while also collaborating with a group of passionate peers. Without futher ado, we welcome you to the Crisis Committee with the promise to be the most interactive, entertaining and professional committee!Available countries — Countries marked with "*" are countries that require previous MUN experience
Do you want to be part of Galmun 2016, but you do not consider yourself prepared just yet to be a delegate? We have the solution! Register as one of our observers! It is a great chance to discover the amazing world of MUN Conferences! It gives you an insight into what a lively debate truly is and it is a great opportunity to learn from more experienced delegates. Send us an email with your contact information (First name, Last name, Adress, E-mail, School, Grade, Phone number) at firstname.lastname@example.org and let the adventure begin!
MUN Directors: Ms Georgeta Voicila & Ms Anca Manea
Secretary General: Miss Cătălina Frâncu
Deputy Secretary General: Miss Alina Cristea
We speak of the value visionaries have in the modern world on a daily basis, but I sincerely doubt we ever truly appreciate their efforts; from their initial conception of an innovative idea to its masterful execution, we – as observers or, sometimes, active participants – take such dreamers for granted.
However, for the past thirteen years, we – this time, as the students of the ‘Vasile Alecsandri’ National College – have avoided making that very mistake to the best of our ability. Thirteen years ago, a random thought struck Mrs. Ioana Albu – our county did not hold a Model United Nations. Of the many implications that thought had, one was that her students were not allowed the full experience of belonging to a community which organized a yearly event she very much appreciated – a formal debate on current, worldwide issues which could unite representatives of at least twenty-five states in each of no less than eight committees to discuss and negotiate as though their lives depended on it. There was no such conference in our community. So she created one – and named it GalMUN.
The first year was largely an experiment – imagine the novelty of it all! Mrs. Albu took on the task of electing the chairs of the half a dozen committees which functioned according to a set of traditional formal debate regulations and had a predetermined topic and the one that didn’t – the Crisis committee, which relied so heavily on courage and inclination to respond with creative solutions for impending crises. Soon enough, though, newness morphed into familiarity with a touch of excitement – the conference became a household name among high school students in Galati and the delegates became even more competitive. The application process tested more and more skills with each passing year and the expectations for live conversation skyrocketed as every edition came and went – began with enthusiasm and concluded with the sole regret of it not having lasted longer.
After a decade of successful debate, however – an entire decade of wonderful execution of an idea the founder of the conference had had ten years beforehand – Mrs. Albu decided the show would go on without her. She’d be an observer, we all knew, but her name would no longer appear on official documents in succession of the ‘director’ title or lay silently on the diplomas the very best delegates would receive at the closing ceremony on the last of the three conference days. But that choice was the opposite of ‘giving up’ – au contraire; the founder of GalMUN left the debate to be managed by two wonderful successors, who have organized the two most recent editions.
Two years ago – namely, GalMUN’s eleventh – was as much of a matter of trial and error as its first. The committees dared change – either by switching directions completely or merging – once every few years, but that didn’t affect the quality of the discussions – whether it be on issues as widely dissimilar as environmental and military, the conversation always concentrated on matters of international security. Upon encouragement from their chairpersons and directors, delegates took it on themselves to conquer fear and anxiety as eagerly as they would an enemy country and converse to find answers to the ever-pressing questions of the world.
This year, we’re rearing to go again.
The preparation process has been one characterized by an amount of hard work I’ve seen in very few places before, which can only be an indication of how smoothly the conference will go. Though we must acknowledge, praise for an event before its actual materialization could very well be leaping before looking long and hard into the gap, we are trying to bridge with a jump, the previous twelve GalMUNs have to count for something – they must stand as evidence that Mrs. Albu has created a conference designed for high school students and, if nothing else, that – it has remained.
Thus, the competitive history of GalMUN can say considerably more about what is to come than I ever could, but I will concede this – it is but an honor to everyone involved to know that they’ve contributed to a thirteen year-long legacy and which will continue to expand – even after the current chairpersons leave the high school, even after the two current directors have yielded the place to someone else, even after the river of debate topics seems to have been run completely dry.
After all, we can only assuredly affirm one thing about our conference – its history is still in the making.