THIS YEAR’S COMMITTEES
(we pinky-promise there is no “terrorism” included)
I. SOCHUM – THE SOCIAL, CULTURAL, AND HUMANITARIAN COMMITTEE
chaired by: Bogdan Burghelea & Teodora Vlad
Galmun 2018 is going to be the best edition yet. Trust us, the SOCHUM team. We are giving you the opportunity to join a gushing debate about one of the most controversial, yet the “tabooest” subjects nowadays: the rights and protection of the Sex Workers – prostitutes, pornography actors or models, phone sex operators and many others which you will be amazed to discover. However, it is of paramount importance to note that ‘sex work’ is totally different from sexual exploitation, which, rest assured, will be one of the many heated motions of our debate.
How is this pressing issue manifesting? The local law establishes the type of sex-work allowed in a community. Therefore, the sexual activities are either regulated, controlled, tolerated, or prohibited. In some cases, people strongly affirm that it is not the people who are bad, but the laws. This affirmation bears on the fact that in most countries, even those where sex work is legal, sex workers may still be stigmatised and marginalised, since their harassers are yet to be punished in many countries. Above all, sex workers are human beings and their rights are not to be forfeited. Do you think you possess the necessary courage and stamina to make the world a better place for the red umbrella community? Join SOCHUM and help us find out what is the sex workers’ social, cultural and humanitarian impact, as well as the extent to which they are protected and their rights are respected.
II. ECOSOC – THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE
chaired by Vlad Jipa & Alexandra Rogojină
Whatever you are doing, stop.
Have you ever taken a break from your painfully difficult homework and wondered about what is happening at that exact same moment 500 miles from you? Have you ever stopped for a minute and looked back on your childhood? Have you ever truly thought of how lucky you were to have teddy bears and dolls as toys? Have you ever tried to face the pain and opened your eyes to see the reality? Unfortunately, for over 200 million children worldwide, toys have been replaced with shovels, wheelbarrows and guns. For over 170 million of them, working on fields and in factories has become a routine. For as many as 70 million of them, work may even be deadly. Your childhood seems perfect now, does it not?
Whether we are talking about child labor or children in the army, they suffer a lot even today, in 2018. Working grueling weeks of more than 40 hours, not only are they hindered from getting a proper education, but they also lose their chance to run freely, to smile, to be themselves. Their childhood is completely lost.
What can we do? Let’s hasten our pace towards the promise UN made in 2015 and contribute to its completion – ending child abuse until 2025.
Are you ready?
III. WHO – WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION
chaired by Iulia Gheorghe & Bianca Mayer
The black market. Probably does not ring any bells, apart from goods sold outside of the law, right? But what do you know about the medical black market? What do you know about the horrific exchanges of organs for money going on behind closed doors? No matter the answer, awareness must be raised regarding this problem. To be more exact, being commonly known as black market, this underground or shadow economy entails a clandestine market or transaction with some aspect of illegality or characterised by some form of noncompliant behaviour with an institutional set of rules. So, the question is: where did this problem come from? It is believed to have had something to do with the way the term “black” was perceived in the past; however, this kind of actions began as far back as the medieval period and extended in many forms as the centuries went by.
Global estimates suggest that 245 000 deaths are attributable to illicit drugs each year. Globally, 13 million DALYs are lost yearly due to disability and mortality attributed to illicit drug use. The Voluntary Health Association of India estimates that about 2000 Indians sell a kidney every year. In Pakistan, according to the Sindhi Institute of Urology, approximately 2000 renal transplants were performed in 2005, of which up to two-thirds were estimated to have been performed on foreigners. In China, around 12 000 kidney and liver transplants were performed in 2005.
In the field that deals with people’s lives there is no room for such illegalities and, if one thinks about them and the side effects of these actions, one will end up wanting a change. For this, a simple mind exercise is recommended: imagine you feel unwell, which brings you to the question of either going to the doctor or trying to choose the right medicine on your own, provided that you cannot afford the extra fee charged by the doctors, to ensure the best service for your case. After you managed to pay the doctor a visit you are sent to a specific pharmacy to buy the drugs, but, again, if you compare the prices you may realise that place is more expensive than your usual one. How about the extremely poor families living from hand to mouth who choose to sell their organs to be able to afford the bare necessities? What happens to those unfortunate people who were kidnapped to have their organs sold on the black market? Now, if you still think the medical black market is not an important issue, then WHO is not for you, but if you are in for a better and safer system, then WHO is definitely waiting for your contribution!
IV. ISCPSC – INTERNET SAFETY/CYBER PRIVACY AND SECURITY COMMITTEE
chaired by Dragoș Ene & Alexandra Eni
Click. Click. Post. Repeat. Ah, the wonderful innovation of technology! But where does the awe start? And where does it end? Is the Internet a safe haven? Or can it become a hell on Earth?
These are questions only the Internet Safety, Cyber Privacy and Security Committee can answer for you. We know, we know! Our name is as special as it gets, but if you’ve ever wondered about what dangers can the cyberspace imply, then ISCPSC is the best place for you to be.
The digital era has evolved to the point it became a double-edged sword. The world is at a crossroads, as we have, on one side, cyber-assertive countries that believe in enhancing the current status quo regarding cyberspace, as they ensure information freedom of movement and condemn cyber-attacks. However, on the other side, cyber-sovereignty defends the regionalisation of cyberspace, theory often put in practice as denying the population’s access to information and advocating for equality of actions: “Why am I not allowed to spy on you, if you’re spying on me?”.
In the end, the debate always comes to the same question: what is the common ground we can reach internationally? But, before we find an answer, don’t forget that our dear Internet is where you should place your bet!
chaired by Alin Hampău & Daria Comănescu
VI. ICJ – INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE
chaired by Emre Yapici & Alin Oprea
What‘s left unsaid says it all, that‘s why, even if we don‘t realise it, South China Sea plays a big role in our economic and social lives. Being a marginal sea that is part of the Pacific Ocean, The South China Sea encompasses an area from the Karimata and Malacca Straits to the Strait of Taiwan of around 3,500,000 square kilometres. The sea carries tremendous strategic importance as one-third of the world’s shipping passes through it carrying over $3 trillion in trade each year! A gigantic number if you were to ask me! Not only does it contain lucrative fisheries that are crucial for the food security of millions in Southeast Asia, but also it is rumoured that beneath its seabed lie, apart from the indigenous and extinct animals such as the Napoleon Grasse, huge oil and gas reserves.
Justice demands retribution as with great resources, come great interests, thus all the countries that have an exit to the sea make a claim to own a bigger part of the sea. China being the one state which strongly supports the historical importance of their islands, bearing a long-lasting meaning to them. It is said that China has even created artificial islands in order to acquire a wider part of the sea! Pretty strange, isn’t it?
However, Philippines states that a lot of the islands owned by China are uninhabitable and are taking away parts of their sea which is having a harsh impact on them.
In the end, as long as the International Court of Justice stands firm on this matter, we will haul into the court and solve this problem.
*If you feel you need to know more information about the topic and/or the committee, check the Advocate’s Guide below for a thorough follow-up!
VII. PRESS CORPS
chaired by Alina Cristea & Teodora Hurmuzache
Fasten your seat belts, for you are about to join the bumpiest ride you have ever been on! Here are the know-it-alls, the see-it-alls and write-it-alls; the ones who master all of the questions, debates and solutions even before the Delegates do. This is not just your average platform for communication and promotion (well, it might be that, too), but rather the string that binds together all of the committees and all of the positions at this year’s GalMUN. It doesn’t matter if you’re a Delegate facing the world’s craziest Crisis, a Chairperson putting forward the question of whether the Internet could ever be secure or the (Deputy) Secretary General running around the halls, pressed by the oh-so-frenetic schedule of the day. The Press Corps will spot, snap and scribble everything about you. Remember, we have the power… at least over the Gossip Box!