A group called the Taliban had controlled most of Afghanistan since 1996 before being overthrown in November 2001 by British and American armed forces, as well as lots of Afghan fighters from a group called the Northern Alliance. But during the time that the Taliban controlled Afghanistan, they allowed an organisation called Al-Qaeda to have training camps there.
On 11 September 2001, attacks in the United States killed nearly 3,000 people. Osama Bin Laden, the head of Islamist terrorist group Al-Qaeda, was quickly identified as the man responsible. The Taliban, radical Islamists who ran Afghanistan and protected Bin Laden, refused to hand him over. So, a month after 9/11, the US launched air strikes against Afghanistan. As other countries joined the war, the Taliban were quickly removed from power. But they didn't just disappear - their influence grew back and they dug in.
Since then, the US and its allies started using military forces in order to fight back the Taliban, from air strikes to the bombings of institutions. Afghanistan is officially the most dangerous country in the world, according to the Institute for Economics and Peace's annual report. Therefore, the Security Council has the responsibility to tackle this issue thoroughly and to find solutions. Join the Security Council for the heated debate that this topic promises to bring!
The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter of the United Nations, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression.